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Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

01 Apr 2011

ESSAY
History of the modern epidemiological concept of confounding
To an unprepared mind, the terms 'confounding' or 'confounder' do not immediately evoke the consequences of comparing groups of people who differ on determinants of the studied outcome

EVIDENCE BASED PUBLIC HEALTH POLICY AND PRACTICE
Socioeconomic position and incidence of acute myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis
Acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of death and disability worldwide

THEORY AND METHODS
Deaths in collective dwellings and inequalities in small-area mortality: an ecological study in the Madrid region (SPAIN)
From a descriptive standpoint, the geographical representation of a population's health status is a basic tool because it enables areas with a greater need for intervention to be identified

RESEARCH REPORT
A comparison of coronary heart disease event rates among urban Australian Aboriginal people and a matched non-Aboriginal population
Much of the disparity in life expectancy between adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the general adult population of Australia is due to cardiovascular disease

Gender differences in postpartum depression: a longitudinal cohort study
Women, especially women of child bearing age, are at high risk of depression.  Evidence suggests that postpartum depression can be part of a continuum with onset of illness during pregnancy

Equity and the child health Millennium Development Goal: the role of pro-poor health policies
The Millennium Development Goals agreed to by 190 world leaders, call for sharp reductions in child mortality, maternal mortality and infectious disease by 2015

Sex trafficking, sexual risk, sexually transmitted infection and reproductive health among female sex workers in Thailand
Commercial sex work is widely recognised as a primary context for heterosexual transmission of HIV/AIDS in Asia and elsewhere

Association of mortality with high temperatures in a temperate climate: England and Wales
It is firmly established across many countries and areas that mortality increases at times of ambient temperatures that are unusually high for the area

Inequalities in immunisation and breast feeding in an ethnically diverse urban area: cross sectional study in Manchester, UK
The uptake and adoption of preventive interventions by mothers of young children is a key component of public health policy to reduce child health inequalities in the UK

Household transitions and subsequent mortality among older people in England and Wales: trends over three decades
Over the past three decades, living alone or just with a spouse has become increasingly prevalent and living with relatives increasingly unusual for older people in most of Europe and North America

Associations between maternal experiences of intimate partner violence and child nutrition and mortality: findings from Demographic and Health Surveys in Egypt, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi and Rwanda
Child mortality and malnutrition are key issues highlighted in the Millennium Development Goals, with specific objectives set to halve malnutrition rates and to reduce child mortality by two thirds by 2015

Effect of changes in season and temperature on mortality associated with air pollution in Seoul, Korea
An association between ambient air pollution and mortality has been investigated worldwide and the resulting epidemiological studies have shown that short term variations in air pollutant concentrations have an adverse effect on daily mortality

Mortality and causes of death among asylum seekers in the Netherlands, 2002 - 2005
Of the estimated 11.4 million refugees worldwide in 2007, 760.000 asylum seekers lived in Western countries